In the third episode of a three-part series on U.S. antitrust enforcement, host Nick Levy interviews Cleary Gottlieb colleagues Bruce Hoffman and Leah Brannon about the U.S. enforcement environment for Big Tech, the agencies’ application of Section 2 of the Sherman Act, and the prospects for legislative change.

On November 30, 2022, the German Federal Cartel Office (“FCO”) and the German Federal Network Agency published their joint Energy Monitoring Report 2022.[1]  The report focuses on conditions in the German electricity and gas markets in 2021 and also takes a look at developments in early 2022 which were marked by heavy disruptions in the energy markets following Russia’s war against Ukraine. 

On 10 November 2022, the European Court of Justice (CJEU) issued a preliminary ruling[1] on the interpretation of the disclosure obligation under the EU directive that harmonised national rules governing actions for damages for breaches of competition law in EU member states and the UK (the Damages Directive).[2]

On October 27, 2022, the Digital Services Act (“DSA”) was published in the Official Journal of the EU, marking its formal adoption.[1] The DSA sets out new rules that apply to the distribution of user-generated online content. Unlike the DMA, which seeks to ensure the contestability of digital markets, the DSA seeks to improve user safety online and ensure accountability of platforms for the content that they transmit, host or publicly disseminate.

On October 25, 2022, the Commission published additional guidance on its Leniency Policy in the form of Frequently Asked Questions (“FAQs”) to further encourage companies to seek immunity or leniency from cartel fines.[1]

On October 3, 2022, the Commission adopted a Revised Informal Guidance Notice on the application of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU to novel or unresolved competition law questions.[1] The Revised Informal Guidance Notice gives the Commission more flexibility in issuing informal advice compared to the 2004 guidance.[2]