On March 2, 2023, Advocate General Rantos delivered his opinion on the questions referred to the Court of Justice by the Lisbon Court of Appeals (referring court) in Autoridade da Concorrência and EDP.[1]  The referring court seeks clarification on whether an association agreement between undertakings operating in different product markets can constitute an agreement with an anticompetitive object for the purposes of Article 101 TFEU,[2] and subject to what conditions.

On July 18, the European Council approved the final text of the DMA, marking the final step before the DMA enters into force.  This followed the European Parliament approving, on July 5, the final text of the Digital Markets Act (DMA), by 588 votes to 11.  The DMA is likely to enter the EU’s Official Journal in October, which means the behavioural rules will kick in early-to-mid 2024.