On 22 February 2021, the Competition Appeal Tribunal (CAT) ruled that Epic Games (Epic) could not pursue a claim against Apple in the UK. It allowed some aspects of a similar claim brought by Epic against Google to be heard in the UK on the ground that permission is not required to serve claims in the CAT against the Irish anchor defendants. With respect to Apple, Roth J held that Apple and Epic are both large U.S. companies, and the most appropriate forum for their dispute is a court in the United States (despite finding that Epic could make good arguments that Apple’s conduct caused harm to Epic in England). Epic filed its claims before the CAT in December 2020, after it accused Apple and Google of breaching the Chapter 1 and Chapter 2 prohibitions under the Competition Act 1998 in relation to app distribution and payments for apps. Epic has filed similar claims against both companies in the US and in Australia.