On 23 June 2020, the CAT handed down its judgment on the costs of a preliminary issues hearing in the Trucks litigation. The preliminary issue concerned whether, and to what extent, the recitals in the European Commission’s Trucks decision were binding on defendants in the damages action. The CAT ordered that each of Royal Mail, BT, and Dawsongroup could recover 75% of their costs attributable to the domestic law questions, on the grounds that: (i) the claimants were the “overall ‘winner’ of the abuse of process issue”; (ii) these issues were substantial and involved significant consideration of jurisprudence; and (iii) the 25% discount was sufficient to reflect the fact that the claimants were not wholly successful. The remainder of costs of the preliminary issue would be costs in case.