On January 30, 2019, the ICA found that four companies rigged a public tender for regional waste collection and disposal.[1] According to the ICA, the collusion was facilitated by the intervention of a third-party consulting firm, which encouraged and coordinated the parties’ collusive behavior. In line with EU precedent, the ICA imposed a fine also on the facilitator.[2]

[1]              Gara SO.RE.SA. rifiuti sanitari Regione Campania (Case I816), ICA, decision of January 31, 2019.

[2]              AC-Treuhand (Case C-194/14 P) EU:C:2015:717.